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首先我们来看区块链的组成:它是一串按照发生顺序串联而成的数据块,每一个数据块中包含了多次交易确认的信息。

First, let’s look at the composition of the blockchain: it is a series of data blocks that are concatenated in the order of occurrence, each of the blocks contains information for multiple transaction confirmations.

 

这句话包含了区块链的三个关键概念:交易(Transaction)、数据块/区块(Block)、链(Chain)。

This sentence contains three key concepts of blockchain: Transaction, Data Block/ Block, and Chain.

交易(Transaction):我们的每一次操作,会导致交易信息和状态结果的一次改变,如添加一条记录;

Transaction: Each of our operations results in a change in transaction information and status results, such as adding a record;

区块(Block):负责记录一段时间内发生的交易和状态结果,也就是每个区块中都包含若干条交易信息(它是对当前状态的一次共识,关于共识会在下文详细讲到);

Block: Records the transaction and status results that occur over a period of time, that is, each block contains several pieces of transaction information (it is a consensus on the current state, and the consensus will be discussed in detail later) ;

链(Chain):由一个个区块按照发生顺序串联而成,是整个状态变化的日志记录。

Chain: A series of blocks that are connected in series in order of occurrence, which is a log record of the entire state change.

了解完区块链的简单组成后,我们就可以进一步掀开区块链的神秘面纱了。

After understanding the simple composition of the blockchain, we can further open up the mystery of the blockchain.

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